The writer to Téetohs (Titus) also was the Apostle Paul, whom God used to write
fourteen New Testament Books (see Notes on First Thessalonians, page 538).
The recipient is Téetohs (Titus), Paul’s “legitimate child according to common faith”
(1:4). He was a Greek from Antioch (?) of Syria (Gal 2:1-3) and likely brother to Luke (2 Cor. 8:16-19 cf. 12:18). He became a valued companion and partner of Paul. And he walked in the same spirit and steps of Paul (2 Cor. 8:23; 12:18). He performed difficult tasks at Corinth (2 Cor. 6:11-7:15) and Crete (1:5; 2:15; 3:10,11). He was a dear one to and a trusted friend of Paul, very capable, practical, tactful in dealing with tense situations and a
dependable worker with marked gift and grace; not a novice.
Internal evidence to Paul’s authorship is clear both by the accepted title that bears his
name and the text. He identifies himself in his opening greeting (1:1), again in his identification as the one who begot him in the Lord, calling him his own (legitimate) son (child) in the Faith of Christ (1:4). To deny Paul’s authorship is to deny inerrant, infallible, plenary, verbal inspiration (see Introduction p. xiii).
External evidence comes from the writings of the “Church fathers” (patristic tradition of
the early Church). The Muratorian Canon (A.D. 160- 200): “For the Epistles of Paul . . . he wrote to . . . seven churches, . . . He wrote besides these . . . one to Titus. These were written in personal affection; but they have been hallowed by being held in honor by the Catholic Church for the regulation of church discipline.” There is no contradictory evidence
found in the early Church writings, but Paul’s authorship was an accepted fact and never doubted until the nineteenth century.
Dating of Téetohs is determined by the fact that Paul had been in prison at Rome from A.D. 61-63 during which time the Prison Epistles were written, (cf. Notes on Philippians, page 518 and on 1 Timothy on page 554). After Paul’s release (A.D. 64), Paul and Timothy
went to Mahkehdohnée-ah, then on to Asia Minor as intended. Paul left Timothy at Ephesus (1 Tim. 1:3). On his way back to Mahkehdohnée-ah via Crete,Téetohs accompanied him. After leaving Téetohs in Crete, Paul journeyed on to Mahkehdohnée-ah where he wrote 1 Timothy in A.D. 65 intending to spend the winter in Neh-ßhpohlees (Tit. 3:12). He wrote to Téetohs in late summer A.D. 65 also from Mahkehdohnée-ah.
The purpose of Paul is to urge Téetohs to complete the work on Crete which he was left
there to do and to join Paul at Neh-áhpohlees (3:12) as soon as he was replaced by
Ahrtehmáhs or Tukh-eekóhs.
Characteristics include: personal, exhortative, and practical.
The Book may be outlined as follows:
I. An Orderly Church (1:1-16).
II. A Sound Church (2:1-15).
III. A Practical Church (3:1-15).
Alternate outline with “works” as the theme:
Introduction: Salutation and Greeting (1:1-4).
I. The Work of Titus in Crete (1:5-9).
II. The Works of the Cretians (1:10-16).
III. The Work of Exhortations to Good Behavior (2:1-10).
IV. The Work of Christ (2:11-14).
V. The Work of Exhortations to Good Works (3:1-15).