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GENERAL (CATHOLIC) EPISTLE BY JUDE (YOÚDAHS)
Author: Jude, half brother of The Lord Jesus
Key Verse: 1:3
The writer of this Epistle identifies himself in the opening statement as Judas, a brother of James (1:1). No doubt he was well known and needed no further identification. Really out of the seven men named Yoúdahs in the New Testament, there are only two possibilities: Judas also called Thahddaíohs, the son of Ahlfaíohs, a disciple of The Lord Jesus (Lk. 6:15,16 cf. Mk. 3:18; Jn 14:22; Acts 1:14); and Yoúdahs (Jude), the half brother of our Lord Jesus Christ (Mt. 13:55; Mk. 6:3;). It is not likely that the son of Ahlfaíohs, is the writer because there is no indication in Acts or elsewhere in the New Testament that he had an outstanding leadership ministry in the church as did the half brother of Jesus. So the writer has been generally accepted as the half brother of the Lord Jesus Christ and full brother of James, who presided over the first church council at Jerusalem (Acts 15:13 cf. Gal. 1:18,19; 2:9,12), performed a leading roll (called a pillar of the church by Paul, Gal. 2:9) in the direction the church was to take, and wrote a Catholic (general) Epistle bearing his name, which Epistle was included in the Canon of Scripture (James 1:1).
|Groups include: Israel - the people were destroyed because of unbelief or resisting persuasion; angels fell and are in everlasting bonds in thick darkness; and Sodom and Gomorrha were destroyed because of immorality.
Individuals include: self -righteousness Káh-ëen (Cain) who murdered his brother; coveteous Bahlah-áhm, the money-monger; and presumptious Koh-réh coveted the position of priesthood.
Dating of Jude is prior to the destruction of Jerusalem (A.D. 70). For surely an event of such magnitude and pertinence affecting the Jews would be mentioned in support of and along with the warning of dreaded judgment, if indeed it had already taken place. How long before is conjecture (A.D. 67?).|
The Book may be outlined as follows:
I. Exhortation to Defy Apostasy (1-4).
II. Exposition of the Danger of Apostasy (5-16).
III. Exhortation to Duty (17-23).
IV. Extolment of God (24,25).
Alternate Outline with theme of "Keep":
I. Kept by God (1,2).
II. Keep The Faith (3,4).
III. Kept unto Judgment (5-7).
IV. Not Keeping The Faith leads to Disaster (8-19).
V. Keep in the Love of God (20-23).
VI. Kept from Stumbling (4,25).