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DEFINITIONS of BIBLICAL TERMS

REFERRING TO THE GOD’S WORD

      Command: a direct order to be obeyed given by authority.

Commandment: a judicial edict containing mandatory direction for conduct. The plural use is a specific term for: the Ten Commandments which are a section of The Law of The God (Exodus 20:1-17; Deut. 5:6-21) and the commandments The Lord Jesus Christ gave (Jn. 13:34; 14:15,21; 15:10-17).

Judgments: judicial decrees by The God (Deut. 26:17), containing guidance in dealing with servitude and violations of the Ten Commandments (Ex. 21:1-23:33).

Law: particularly the first five books of Scripture, also called the Pentateuch; more particularly the ten commandments, and generally the whole of Old Testament Scripture (Ps. 119:1,18).

Oral precept (N. T. pahráhdohsis - literally means “a giving over or alongside” and is translated ‘ordinance’ and ‘tradition’): - usually refers to “the body of precepts . . . which were orally delivered by Moses and orally transmitted in unbroken succession to subsequent generations . . . were to be obeyed with equal reverence ;” (Thayer); in reference to N.T. oral precepts that have been delivered over i.e. the substance of the apostles’ teaching, so also of Paul’s instructions (1 Cor. 11:2; 2 Thes. 2:15; 3:6). These oral precepts or ordinances (AV) must both be carefully observed and obeyed.

Oracles (only in the plural and only in N.T. lóhgeeohn refers only to The Word of God): utterances of The God (Rom. 3:2; 1 Pet. 4:11).

Ordinance: 1. In O.T. translated from the same words more often translated ‘statute’; 2. In N.T. translated the same as other words except diahtahgáy which means “a decree by God” (Acts 17:3; Rom. 13:2). Must be obeyed.

      Precept: a mandate or injunction to be obeyed (Ps. 119:4).

Righteous declaration: an act which The God has declared to be righteous (Lk. 1:6; Rom. 5:16,18).

Statute (O.T. only; two words derived from same root): an enactment concerning customs and right living (Ps. 119:8,12,16).

Testimonies (when in the plural always refers to laws The God has spoken directly): Decrees by The God attested in Scripture (Ps. 119:2,129).

Testimony (always singular): The Law (Ten Commandments) written by God’s own hand (Ex. 24:12; 25:16:21,22). The Ark of the Tabernacle contained theTestimony (Ex. 25:16,21; 34:29).                                                       Dr. Fred Wittman

7/28/05

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Last modified: July 31, 2005